An important part of military training, small unit tactics refers to the use of combat squadrons of limited size to achieve strategic and tactical objectives. Considered part art and part science, the United States Army recognizes three crucial components that a successful tactician must take into account when developing plans.
1. Domain Knowledge - Tacticians must acquire and utilize as much information as they can about enemy territory. This includes techniques, personnel, training, doctrine, and civil concerns. Moreover, they need to investigate the area’s physical elements ranging from weather to terrain.
2. Battle Command - While knowing how to analyze domain knowledge is crucial, every situation will be different. Enemies can readily change tactics and new factors must constantly be absorbed into the battle plan. This form of on-the-spot thinking and the ability to respond immediately to unexpected changes is known as battle command.
3. The Human Dimension - Recognizing the emotional and physical tolls battles have on the people fighting on both sides plays another key role in small unit tactics. Good commanders will understand how to utilize the human element to their advantage, such as making the enemy afraid and recognizing/alleviating fatigue and morale issues among their own soldiers.